Large Species


Common Name
Scientific Name
 Allee elm
Ulmus chinensis
'Emer II'
 adapted to poor, alkaline soils as well as urban heat and wind.  upright, arching form similar to that of American elm.
American sycamore
Platanus occidentalis
Oklahoma native, fast growing with smooth white bark, tolerates wet and compacted conditions but is also drought tolerant, forms large surface roots.
 Autumn Blaze maple
Acer x freemanii PP4864
 bright red fall color, rapid growth, tolerant of clay soil and drought, strong branching structure, one of the better maple cultivars for our area.
 bald cypress
Taxodium distichum
“OK Proven Tree”, moderately fast growing, does well in any soil moisture, reddish and peeling bark, strong wooded, has wildlife value.
 black walnut
 Juglans nigra
durable wood, fruit can be a maintenance issue, grows best in open and sunny location, should be planted away from sidewalks, needs moist site, releases substance that could inhibit growth of some plants such as vegetables.
 bur oak
 Quercus macrocarpa
“OK Proven Tree”, native Edmond cross timbers species, large acorns, holds dead leaves on its branches during winter months, symmetrical shape, needs large amount of space.
 cedar elm
 Ulmus crassifolia
“OK Proven Tree”, no relation to “cedar” (eastern red cedar), one of the most disease resistant regionally native elm trees, drought tolerant, needs pruning to maintain structure.
 chinquapin oak
 Quercus muehlenbergii
native Edmond cross timbers species, beautiful fall color, drought tolerant, wildlife value, little pruning needed, rounded form.
 dawn redwood
 Metasequoia glyptostroboides
similar to bald cypress with a more pyramid-like form, large root flares, requires little or no pruning, may not do well on extremely alkaline sites, very slow growing.
 emperor oak
Quercus dentata
stately oak with large dark green leaves, bronze to burgundy fall color, moderate water use, slow growth rate.
 English oak
 Quercus robur
tolerates various soil conditions, very drought tolerant, open crown.
 Japanese zelkova
 Zelkova serrata
fall color interest, moderately fast growing, may be weak wooded and must be pruned for optimal branch structure, tolerant of a variety of soil conditions.
 Kentucky coffee tree
 Gymnocladus dioicus
“OK Proven Tree”, native Edmond cross timbers species, unique bark and form, adaptable to various soil conditions, strong branch structure, not susceptible to breakage. Thornless, fruitless varieties are available, such as 'Espresso'.
 London plane tree
 Platanus hybrida
looks similar to American sycamore but with smoother bark and two fruits per stalk (while sycamore has one), tolerant of poor soil.
 northern red oak
 Quercus rubra
fast growth rate, small acorns that are easily cleaned up, rounded crown, dark red fall foliage, may need pruning when young to produce favorable single stem structure.
 nuttall oak
Quercus nuttallii
Oklahoma native, suitable for poorly drained and wet sites, little pruning required, resistant to breakage.
 Carya illinoinensis
roots and canopy need sufficient room to grow, produces edible nuts, drought tolerant, adapted to various soil conditions, needs pruning to eliminate excess weight in branches, may have surface roots.
 post oak
 Quercus stellata
native Edmond cross timbers species, curving branches/unusual form, extremely drought tolerant, very sensitive to construction disturbance such as compaction and severed roots and fill soil.
 Princeton elm
Ulmus americana 'Princeton'
"OK Proven Tree", American elm variety that is resistant to Dutch elm disease and elm leaf beetle, fast growing, requires regular pruning to guide structure.
 Redpointe maple
Acer rubrum 'Frank Jr.' PP16769
broadly pyramidal form, bright red fall color, dominant central leader with strong branch angles, heat and pest and disease resistant.
 river birch
 Betula nigra
unique reddish brown peeling bark, needs moisture and is tolerant of standing water, does not grow well in extremely alkaline soil, very ornamental tree.
 sawtooth oak
 Quercus acutissima
broad, pyramid-like form, drought tolerant, grows best in soils that are not highly alkaline, excellent shade tree.
 ‘Shademaster’ thornless honeylocust
 Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis ‘Shademaster’
thornless and fruitless, form similar to American elm, open canopy that allows for lawn growth underneath.
 Shumard oak
 Quercus shumardii
“OK Proven Tree”, open, round canopy at maturity, dark green leaves that turn deep red and orange in fall, excellent shade tree, tolerant of urban stresses and well adapted to clay soils.
 sweet gum
 Liquidambar styraciflua
corky bark, beautiful fall color, star-shaped leaves, wildlife value, surface roots can be a problem near sidewalks/paved surfaces, fruit may be a maintenance issue.
Liriodendron tulipifera
narrow, oval crown, straight trunk with a single leader, golden fall color, tolerates various soil, moderate drought tolerance.
 ‘Valley Forge’ American elm
Ulmus americana
‘Valley Forge’
resistant to Dutch Elm Disease, has vase-like form, open canopy, classic street/shade tree.
 water oak
 Quercus nigra
drought tolerant, needs pruning to develop strong branch structure, rapid growth rate, shorter life span than the other oaks, best placed in a natural and open setting.
 willow oak
 Quercus phellos
graceful form in appearance, resistant to wind breakage, drought tolerant, also adapted to wet sites.


Common Name
Scientific Name
deodar cedar
Cedrus deodara
pendulous branches, needs well drained soil and protection from cold winds, ornamental.
 Cedrus libani
massive mature trunk, wide-sweeping branches, needs plenty of space, needs full sun, tolerant of a variety of soils, branches droop as tree grows.
 loblolly pine
 Pinus taeda
native to southeast Oklahoma, fast growing, tolerant of clay soils, drought tolerant, needs full sun.
Oklahoma live oak
 Quercus virginiana var. ‘fusiformis’
tolerant of drought and poor soils, best if planted where protected from freezing winds, unique and wide branching, needs open space.
ponderosa pine
 Pinus ponderosa
orange-brown bark, dark green needles, needs good drainage and full sun.
southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora large white blooms in spring, messy leaf litter, best if not planted in extremely alkaline soils.